Solved Paper (B) GC University 2013


B.A. English (Language) 1stAnnual                                                                          Time: 3 Hours.
Paper B                                                                                                                               Marks: 100
Important Note: Over-attempted idioms/correction of sentences will not be marked. Only the FIRST FIVE will be marked. Don’t write your name, phone # or identity in any answer.
Q.No.1: Write an essay, with outline, of 300-500 words on ONE of the following topics.    20+5
1. Alleviation of Poverty
2. Laptop Distribution Scheme in Punjab
3. Difficulties of a B.A. Student
4. Elections in Pakistan
5. My favourite Novel
Q.No.2: Read the following passage and Answer the question given at the end. (The answer must be in your own words.)                                                (25)
Great progress has been made by America in the field of mechanization. It is spending lavishly on labour saving machines. Efficient organization of highly mechanized system has resulted in maximum productivity in America. With mass production, the amenities of life are available to almost every citizen. On the country, Europe subordinates the use of machines to human happiness and welfare. It encourages man’s reliance on his own faculties and realizes the dangers inherent in the American scheme. However great the advantages of mechanization, it crushes the creative faculty of man and makes a machine out of him. His individual liberty and personality suffer an irretrievable loss. In his moments of leisure the worker finds it difficult to turn his hands to creative work because the machine- made goods do not inspire him in the direction of refinement. These goods also their fascination because mass production has given a setback to the individuality of the articles produced. The Europeans, therefore, contend that it is better to sacrifice a few material comforts than crush the aesthetic and spiritual urge in the individual which large scale mechanization is doing in America.
ترجمہ: مشینری کے شعبہ میں امریکہ نے بہت ترقی کی ہے۔  یہ محنت کم کرنے والی مشینوں پر بے تحاشہ پیسہ خرچ کر رہا ہے۔ مشینری کے اس نظام میں موثر تنظیم کا نتیجہ امریکہ میں زیادہ سے زیادہ پیداوار ہے۔ اس زیادہ پیداوار کے ساتھ ضروریات زندگی کی اشیاء ہر شہری  تک پہنچ رکھتی ہیں۔ اسکے برعکس یورپ مشینوں کو انسانی خوشی اور فلاح کے ماتحت کرتا ہے۔ یہ انسان کی اپنی صلاحیتوں  پر بھروسے کی حوصلہ افزائی کرتا ہے اور  اور  امریکی  منصوبوں میں موجود خطرات کا احساس کرتا ہے۔ تاہم مشینری کے جتنے بھی فائدے ہوں یہ انسان کی تخلیقی صلاحیتوں کو کچل دیتی ہےاور اسے ایک مشین بنا دیتی ہے۔ اسکی انفرادی آزادی اور شخصیت ناقابل تلافی نقصان کا سامنا کرتی ہے۔اپنے فرصت کے لمحات میں ایک کام کرنے والے کے لئے  یہ بہت مشکل ہوتا ہے کہ وہ اپنے ہاتھ کسی تخلیقی کام کی طرف لے جائے کیونکہ مشینوں سے بنی اشیاء اسے کسی چیز کی بہتری کی طرف کشش نہیں کرتیں۔ یہ چیزیں اسکے لئے اپنی کشش بھی کھو دیتی ہیں کیونکہ زیادہ پیداوار نے پیدا کی گئی اشیاء کی انفرادیت کو نقصان پہنچایا ہے۔ اسی لئے یورپین اس بات کی تصدیق کرتے ہیں  کہ یہ بہتر ہے کہ کچھ مادی خوشیوں کو قربان کر دیا جائے  بہ نسبت اسکے کہ آپ ایک انفرادی شخص میں جمالیاتی اور روحانی خواہش کو کچل دیں جو امریکہ میں مشینری کر رہی ہے۔                                                                                  
 (I)What is the result of progress in the field of mechanization in America?
Answer: Mechanization in America has given birth to maximum productivity.
(ii)How has this mechanization affected the citizens?
Answer: It has very bad effects. It has crushed a man’s creative capabilities and made him a machine.
(iii)What is the case in Europe?
Answer: In Europe, the machines are given secondary importance. First preference of Europe is human being and his capabilities.
(iv) Why do Europeans sacrifice a few material comforts?
Answer: They Europeans sacrifice a few material comforts because they prefer man and depend on his creative abilities. They give secondary importance to the machines.
(v)Suggest a suitable title of the passage and make a precise of the passage.
Title: 1. Mechanization in America and Europe 2. Disadvantages of Mechanization
Precis: America has made enviable progress in the field of mechanization. It has resulted in maximum productivity. Europe, on the other hand, gives secondary importance to machines. They think that it can crush man’s creative capabilities and make him a machine. That’s why, the Europeans sacrifice a few material comforts because they prefer man and depend on his creative abilities.
Q.No.3: Write a letter to the Editor of newspaper about the evils of corruption in Pakistan.
Answer:                                               Letter
                                                                                                                             Examination Hall,
                                                                                                                             City A.B.C.
                                                                                                                              April 10, 2014.
The Editor,
The News,
      I want to raise my voice against an important issue of society. This problem is of corruption. It has become a grave problem of our society. Wherever you go, you experience corruption. It has taken firm roots in every department of Pakistan. Most of the government servants accept bribery. A corrupt society goes to dogs morally and economically. A society having corruption in its roots produces thieves, dacoits and terrorists. Democracy does not flourish properly. Corruption is one of the major reasons of the down fall of the nations. There are so many reasons for the increase in corruption. First, low salaries of the public servants contribute a lot to increase corruption. Second, increasing dearness also causes corruption in society. Third, to spend lavishly to maintain the customs and traditions of society is also one of the major reasons of corruption. In this regard, I would like to give some suggestions to nip the corruption in the bud. First, the political, moral and social system of the country should be changed completely. Second, anti corruption department should be made effective. Third, the salaries of the public servants should be increased.            
           I am sure that the concerned authorities would take immediate action against it.
                                                                                                                                                Yours truly,
Write a job application to The Human Resource Manager of a Textile firm for the post of Admin Officer.
Job Application
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Examination Hall,
                                                                                                                                    City A.B.C.
                                                                                                                                    April 2, 2016.
The Human Resource Manager,
Ittefaq Textile Mills,
Subject: Application for the Post of Admin Officer
     Through your advertisement in the paper, I have come to know that the post of ‘Admin Officer’ is lying vacant under your kind control. I am a young man with a sound health and excellent academic record. I measure up to all the standards of your requirement.
     If I am given a chance, I shall prove my worth and never give you a chance of complaint. I am sure that my case would be treated on merit. I am ready to join my duty at any time. I shall never give you a chance of complaint. I will wait for your reply very anxiously.
                                                Thanking in anticipation.
                                                                                                                                                Yours truly,
Curriculum Vitae/Bio-Data
Name:                          X.Y.Z.
Father’s Name:             D.E.F.
CNIC:                          33105-0000000-0
Address:                       Model Town Lahore.
Nationality:                   Pakistani
Religion:                       Islam
Marital Status: Unmarried
First Division
PU Lahore
First Division
PU Lahore
First Division
BISE Faisalabad
First Division
BISE Faisalabad
Professional Qualification:
Diploma in Office Management (PBTE Faisalabad)
Spoken English Course (NUML Islamabad)
Experience: 3 year experience at Ehsan Yousaf Textile Mills
Hobbies: Book Reading, Sports
References: References will be provided on demand.
Q.No.4: Correct any FIVE of the following sentences. (10)
1. He makes a mistake seldom.
Correct:He seldom makes a mistake.
2. He walks as his elder brother.
Correct: He walks as his elder brother does.
3. She will be too glad to see you. کا استعمال کریں۔                                          Veryمعنی دیتا ہے اسلئےمنفیToo
Correct: She will be veryglad to see you.
4. Sugar sells dearlythese days.
 کا استعمال کیا جاتا ہے۔ Adjective  کے ساتھ اسم صفت یعنیAdverbsکے بغیراستعمال ہوتے ہیں۔ ایسے  ly ہمیشہAdverbکچھ
Correct: Sugar sells dear these days.
5. Though he is poor but he is contented.
استعمال کیا جاتا ہے۔ Coma کا استعمال ختم ہو گیا ہے اور صرفYet تھا مگر اب  کا استعمال کیا جاتاYet  کے ساتھ پہلے Though, Although
Correct: Though he is poor, he is contented.
6. She came here for singing. کا استعمال کیا جاتا ہے۔ اور فسٹ فارم استعمال کریں۔                                  Toکے   لئے  مقصد
Correct: She came here to sing. 
7. He comes off a noble family.
Correct: He comes of a noble family. استعمال نہیں کیا جائے گا۔    Come off  کا مطلب ہے ‘تعلق ہونا’ لہذٰا Come of
8. Neither of the two politicians arejust.
 واحد ہو گا۔Helping Verb  یاVerb کو اگر فاعل کے طور پر استعمال کیا جائے تو ہماراNeither
Neither of the two politicians is just.
9. He is a coward boy.
 ساتھ لکھیں۔ Cowardlyساتھ لکھنا ہو تو Boy, Girl,    لکھا جائے۔ اگر ہی Coward نہیں لکھا جائے گا۔ صرف Boy یا Girl کا مطلب ہے بزدل اور اسکے ساتھ Coward
Correct: He is a coward. OR He is a cowardly boy.
10. She is not clever to do it.    کا استعمال کریں۔                      Enough کے ساتھ  Adjective اس فقرے میں
Correct: She is not clever enough to do it.
Q.No.5: Use any five of the following in your own sentences.
Fall out
لڑنا۔ جھگڑنا
He fell out with his enemy.                 اس نے اپنی دشمن سے لڑائی کی۔           
Above board
شک و شبہ سے بالاتر
His honesty is above board. اسکی دیانتداری شک وشبہ سے بالاتر ہے                        
Face the music
غلطی کا خمیازہ بھگتنا
The servant broke the jug and had to face the music.                      
نوکر نے جگ توڑ دیا اور اسے غلطی کا خمیازہ بھگتنا پڑا۔    
In a mess
بگڑے ہوئے
Our traffic system is in a mess.     ہمارا ٹریفک کا نظام بگڑا ہوا ہے۔                      
Anarrow escape
بال بال بچنا
He had a narrow escape in the accident. حادثے میں وہ بال بال بچا۔                
Royal road
آسان راستہ
There is no royal road to get success in CSS.
سی۔ ایس۔ ایس میں کامیابی پانے کے لئے کوئی آسان راستہ نہیں ہے۔ 
Broken reed
کمزور سہارا
A broken reed can leave you any time. ایک کمزور سہارا آپکو کسی بھی وقت چھوڑ سکتا ہے۔   
Take to
عادی ہونا
He took to drinking and died.      وہ شراب کا عادی ہوا اور مر گیا۔                       
Deal in
کاروبار کرنا
My brother deals in leather.     میرا بھائی چمڑے کا کاروبار کرتا ہے۔                 
Bear upon
جان لینا۔ انکشاف ہونا
It was born upon me that he was a thief. مجھے یہ انکشاف ہوا کہ وہ ایک چور تھا۔          
Q.No.6: Translate into English. (15)
 تعلیم ایک مقصد نہیں بلکہ حصول مقصد کا ایک ذریعہ ہے۔ ہم اپنے  بچوں کو صرف تعلیم یافتہ بنانے کے لئے تعلیم نہیں دلواتے۔ ہم انکو اس مقصد  کے لئے تعلیم یا فتہ بناتے ہیں  تا کہ وہ مستقبل میں ایک کامیاب ذندگی گزارنے کے قابل بن جائیں۔ پس یہ  بہت  ضروری ہے کہ ہم ایک  موثر نظام تعلیم متعارف کروائیں۔ جو حقیقت میں انہیں ایک کامیاب ذندگی گزارنے کے قابل بنا سکے۔ ہمیں اپنے بچوں کو اس انداز میں تعلیم یافتہ بنانا چاہئیے کہ ہر وہ کام جو انکے ذہن سے ہم آہنگی رکھتا ہو کر سکیں۔                                                                                                             
Translation: Education is not itself a goal rather it is the source of achieving a goal. We educate our children not to make them educated. We educate them so that they may be able to lead a successful life in future. Hence, it is necessary for us to introduce an effective educational system which may enable them to lead a successful life. We should educate our children with the purpose of making them able to perform every work which has harmony with their minds.  ORWrite a dialogue between two friends about election campaign.