9. THE HUNGER AND POPULATION EXPLOSION (Anna McKenzie)
Questions & Answers (Based on Exercise)
Q.No.1: What does the writer mean hunger mean on large scale as viewed by the writer?
Answer: Hunger does not mean missing one meal or even meals for a whole day. It means never having enough to eat. It also means a situation in which you always wonder where the next meal is coming from.
Q.No.2: Describe some great famines of the past?
Answer: History has witnessed so many famines. They are following.
- Bible tells us about 7 years famine in Egypt.
- In 1921-22, the Russian famine killed millions of people.
- Famine of Bengal in 1969-70 also killed ten million people.
- There was also the worst famine of the century in India in 1964-65.
Q.No.3: How do famines occur?
Answer: There are two major reasons of famines. First, heavy increase in population may cause famine.Second, the failure of crops due to some disease or shortage of rains may also cause famine.
Q.No.4, 6: What is the main reason for increase in population today? OR What have public health measures to do with increase in population?
Answer: Public health measures have played great role in controlling a lot of diseases. They have decreased death rate to a large extent and increased birth rate. In this way, they cause increase in population.
Q.No.5: What is meant by birth rate and death rate and how do they affect the population of a country?
Answer: Birth rate and death rate mean the number of births and deaths per thousand population in a year. If birth rate is higher, there will be an increase in population. If birth rate is lower, there will be decrease in population.
Q.No.7: Account for the high birth rate in under developed countries.
Answer: In these countries, most of the people are poor and uneducated. They are not aware of the dangers of over population and benefits of a limited family. In this way, they cause high birth rate.
Q.No.8: Why is birth rate not so high in more advanced countries?
Answer: In advanced countries, most of the people are educated. They are aware of the dangers of over population and the benefits of a limited family. That’s why, birth-rate is not so high there.
Q.No.9: Give a brief account of the poor economic condition prevailing in under developed countries?
Answer: In these countries, the people are poor and uneducated. They have poor medical and educational facilities. Chances of employment are limited for them. They are also faced with the problem of over population.
MORE IMPORTANT QUESTIONS (PAST PAPERS-BISE FSD)
Q.No.1: How was the wide-spread disease averted during the seven years of famine in Egypt? (FB-2009)
Answer:Necessary food items were stored when there was abundance of harvest in Egypt. In this way, Egypt averted this wide-spread disease during the seven years of famine.