8. CHINA’S WAY TO PROGRESS (Galeazzo Santini)
Questions & Answers (Based on Exercise)
Q.No.1: Why has the world changed its attitude towards China?
Answer:It was a time when the West ignored China. However, the Chinese have emerged as a great nation. They have made enviable progress and forced the world to change its attitude towards them.
Q.No.2: Discuss Chinese agricultural system.
Answer: China has introduced a great system in agricultural field. It is system of communes. These communes are further divided into production brigades and teams. In these communes, housing is free for the farmers.
Q.No.3: How does China rely on its own resources?
Answer: Mao said: “Rely on your own resources.” The Chinese followed it. They made most of the machines of their own and purified others of foreign features. They showed cheaper and better results with them.
Q.No.4: Describe a day in the life of a Chinese student? OR How does Je Sui, a Chinese girl student, spend her way?
Answer:A Chinese student, Je Sui goes to school at 8 o’ clock. At 11 o’ clock, she goes to home to take lunch. She is back at school at 1:30 and does her home work. At 4 o’ clock she is back. In the evening, she enjoys some game.
Q.No.5: Write a note on Chinese women.
Answer: Chinese women fully enjoy social benefits and live with great dignity. They have eight hours working day. Their medical is free. They retire at the age of 50 or 55 if they work in some office.
Q.No.6: What are the social security benefits provided to the Chinese workers?
Answer: The Chinese workers fully enjoy their social security benefits. They get cheaper houses from the government. Their medical is free. They retire at the age of sixty and receive pension after retirement.
Q.No.7: “It is the people and not the things that are decisive.” Discuss.
Answer:Mao says: “It is the people not the things that are decisive.”Actually, he rejects the western approach which prefers machines to man. He suggests that man should be preferred to machines.
Q.No.8: “The heart of the matter is the need to root out selfishness”. Discuss.
Answer:It means that selfless approach must be the need of the hour. We should work selflessly for the good of others to make progress. The Chinese did so and made great progress.
MORE IMPORTANT QUESTIONS (PAST PAPERS-BISE FSD)
Q.No.1: Who Was Chou En-Lai? (FB-2008)
Answer: Chou En-Lai was the first Prime Minister of China soon after China won its independence. He was also one of the leaders of Chinese Communist Movement. He made untiring efforts for the progress of China.
Q.No.2: How according to the writer will be China in the year 2000? (FB-2009)
Answer:According to the writer, China will be able to make progress in all walks of life especially agriculture. It will be the strongest peasant country of the world in 2000 without any war against any country.
Q.No.3: What does Mao say about women in “China’s Way to Progress?” (FB-2009)
Answer: Mao says that women hold up half the sky. They are determined to keep their half raised at the same height as that held up by the men.
Q.No.4: Who was Mao Tse-tung?
Answer: Mao-Tse Tung was the leader of the freedom movement which resulted in the freedom of China.
Q.No.5: What final answer to the problems of mankind does the West claim to have found? (FB-2015)
Answer:The west claims that only the machines can solve the problems of mankind. However, the Chinese have proved it wrong with their belief. They believe that man is superior to everything.